Botanæco has a strong academic background, ongoing involvement within the academic community and is engaged in the advancement of modern thinking, methods & science in practical consultancy. This has had outlet in the preparation of technical reviews & methodologies, contributions to research, and the constant review & refinement of Botanæco's own practise. This ensures that clients can be confident of assessment of the full range of current & evolving possibilities before arrival at the best solution(s) for their situation.
Botanæco has particular expertise in the following areas:
• Botanical & ecological science
• Deposition effects & mitigation
• Environmental change in the present and throughout the Holocene epoch
• Experimental & monitoring design
• Multivariate statistical analyses & modelling
• Palaeoecology & environmental archaeology
• Geographical Information Systems
Recent involvement in research has focused on deposition mitigation & palaeoecological approaches to the settlement & demise of the Norse in Greenland and the conservation of peatlands. This experience keeps Botanæco in contact with the leading authorities & thinking with consequent benefits for clients. Specific examples are listed below:
• Botanical aspects of the absorption of nitrogen oxides at the roadside using mycelium study, with the Transport Research Laboratory, on behalf of the Department for Transport’s, Science and Research Unit.
• Late Holocene vegetation change on peatlands in relation to climatic and other environmental changes; and their conservation management.
• Landscapes circum-Landnám: Viking settlement in the North Atlantic and its human and ecological consequences. This was a three year investigation of what happens environmentally and socially when the Norse colonised a 'pristine' landscape
• Footprints on the edge of Thule: landscapes of Norse-indigenous interaction. This three year project investigated the complex relationships between Norse incomers and indigenous groups, their economies and interactions with the environment in parts of Greenland, Norway and Sweden.
A number of technical reviews have been prepared by Botanæco's Principal Botanist. These maintain Botanæco at the forefront of best practice with an understanding of the underlying evidence & principles. Clients can benefit from this through the delivery of well-founded advice & solutions. Examples are listed below:
• Evidence Standards for heathland habitats. Formulation of evidence standards for Natural England, for the assessment of impacts on heathland habitats.
• Green Infrastructure for the Built Environment. One of a team commissioned to provide national guidance for CIRIA on green infrastructure and its ability to further nature conservation and biodiversity.
• Invasive Species Ireland. Responsible for formulating action plans to deal with chub, floating pennywort and zebra mussel; and for liaison with anglers in respect of the zebra mussel.
• Options for the re-use of peat on wind farm sites. Review and formulation of options for the Scottish Environment Protection Agency for the re-use of peat on wind farm sites.
• The Biodiversity of Scotland in a Changing Environment. A report examining future environmental impacts in Scotland for the Scottish Environment Protection Agency and an assessment of how the ecological landscape may be adapted to facilitate or mitigate change.